The Proper Insulation for Each Part of Your Home
Every homeowner knows how important insulation is in protecting them from harsh environmental conditions – the unbearable summer heat and the icy winter cold. Insulation moderates the temperatures in the home and keeps you comfortable. A well-insulated home will be covered completely, from the foundation to the roof. As a smart homeowner, you should know which types of insulation goes in which part and why.
For Your Basement and Foundation
There are many types of insulation, some which also offer termite resistance. Fiberglass blanket and roll type, foam board, loose-fill insulation is used for both old homes and new constructions. These are budget-friendly options.
Concrete forms and blocks are used in new constructions, whereas sprayed foam insulation is the best for a finished basement.
Insulating slabs on grade are installed around the perimeter with foam boards. For a new home, install the foam boards on the exterior or under the footing.
To minimize moisture effect, deter insects and radon infiltration, you need good insulation. Foundation insulation types use insulated concrete forms and blocks. Insulation contractors start insulating the walls after the foundation is finished.
For Your Walls and Air Ducts
In the walls of your home, use these types:
For remodeling, use blown-in insulation for walls, which uses a dense pack technique. It’s easy to install and done in minimal time. As the wall cavities are opened during the renovation, use the combination of wet spray cellulose and spray foam insulation.
For new homes, use insulated concrete forms or blocks and structural insulated panels. All of these are manufactured to increase the building’s R-values.
R-value indicates how much thermal resistance these insulating materials can provide. For the best insulation, you need a material with higher R-value.
For the construction of traditional framed houses, use advanced techniques in wall framing, which improve the R-value, reduce thermal bridging and maximize the area of the insulated wall.
Air ducts must be sealed and insulated, in order to reduce energy losses. Install the air ducts in the conditioned spaces of archways to get proper insulation.
For Your Attic and Ceilings
Loose-fill and batt insulation types are the best for attics, if you want to keep your costs low. Of these, loose-fill insulation offers better coverage and costs less than batt insulation. But before you start the insulation process, seal all the air leaks (if any), finish the repair works and insulate knee walls. There should be ample space between decks and the new addition must be higher than the ceiling joists.
Proper ceiling and attic insulation depends on the type of architecture. If you have a cathedral-type ceiling, there should be enough space between roof decks and ceiling to make room for insulation and ventilation. Use foil-faced batt type insulation for cathedral ceilings as it offers the required permeability rating when there are no attics.
Vent baffles are placed between insulation and roof decking for required ventilation. The most commonly used levels of proper insulation are R-30 batts. They are the same thickness as R-25 batts, but they fit into the 2×10 framing.
Adding rigid foam insulation increases the R-values and reduces thermal bridging. You need to cover this with fire rated material if you use it on the interiors.
Use The Proper Insulation For Your Home
Using the proper insulation for each part of your house is a worthy home improvement investment. Interior insulation installations have to be done based on your building codes, especially for the basement. They protect against moisture, reduce condensation problems, thermal bridging and heat loss. Depending on the type of construction and if there is previous insulation, you can use any of the above and properly insulate your home.